What is Biological Diverasity Act 2002?

The Act covers conservation, use of biological resources and associated knowledge occurring in India for commercial or research purposes or for the purposes of bio-survey and bio-utilisation. It provides a framework for access to biological resources and sharing the benefits arising out of such access and use. The Act also includes in its ambit the transfer of research results and application for intellectual property rights (IPRs) relating to Indian biological resources.

The Act covers foreigners, non-resident Indians, body corporate, association or organization that is either not incorporated in India or incorporated in India with non-Indian participation in its share capital or management. These individuals or entities require the approval of the National Biodiversity Authority when they use biological resources and associated knowledge occurring in India for commercial or research purposes or for the purposes of bio-survey or bio-utilisation. ...read more (Source: NBA)

What is Technical Support Groups (TSG)?

Technical Support Groups are set of groups selected through Expression on Interest (EOI), conducted by UNEP-GEF-MoEF ABS Project, West Bengal chapter. These groups are spread all over the state, i.e. West Bengal. Some of them are existing Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC), some of them are organizations. Currently West Bengal chapter has Eleven (11) TSGs working actively throughout the State.  

What is Biodiversity Management Committee (BMC) ?

As per the Act, the local bodies constitute the BMC in accordance with Section 41, within their area of jurisdiction for the purpose of promoting conservation, sustainable use and documentation of biological diversity including preservation of habitats, conservation of land races, folk varieties and cultivars, domesticated stocks and breeds of animals, micro-organisms and chronicling of knowledge relating to biological diversity. The BMC consists of a Chairperson, and six persons nominated by local bodies, including 1/3rd women and 18% SC/ST.

The functions of BMCs are as under:

  1. Prepare, maintain and validate People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) in consultation with the local people. The BMC is to maintain a Register giving information about the details of biological resources and traditional knowledge available within the jurisdiction of BMC.
  2. Advice on any matter referred to it by the State Biodiversity Board or Authority for granting approval, to maintain data about the local vaids and practitioners using the biological resources. (Source: NBA)



What is People's biodiversity Register (PBR)?

The prime initiative aiming to fulfill the objectives of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 is to document the available biological resources. Such an onerous plan of action can achieve success only with the active participation of the concerned citizenry. Thus an approach was urgently needed to identify communicating biodiversity messages in a way which would engage people’s hearts and minds, and encourage them to be positively involved. Creating People’s Biodiversity Register (PBR) – the Register of the people, by the people and for the people has been identified as the approach needed. The task is nothing less than inspiring individual and social involvement to preserve the diversity of life and has become a mandatory function of BMC as per the Act. ...read more (Source:WBBB)

For more details, please contact to Board's Office or Call / Fax us at +91-033-2358-2763 or visit at: www.wbbb.gov.in or mail us at: spcabswbbb@gmail.com / biodiversity.wbbb@nic.in / biodiversity.wbbb@gmail.com
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